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Disease Profile

Spinal meningioma

Prevalence estimates on Rare Medical Network websites are calculated based on data available from numerous sources, including US and European government statistics, the NIH, Orphanet, and published epidemiologic studies. Rare disease population data is recognized to be highly variable, and based on a wide variety of source data and methodologies, so the prevalence data on this site should be assumed to be estimated and cannot be considered to be absolutely correct.


US Estimated

Europe Estimated

Age of onset





Autosomal dominant A pathogenic variant in only one gene copy in each cell is sufficient to cause an autosomal dominant disease.


Autosomal recessive Pathogenic variants in both copies of each gene of the chromosome are needed to cause an autosomal recessive disease and observe the mutant phenotype.


dominant X-linked dominant inheritance, sometimes referred to as X-linked dominance, is a mode of genetic inheritance by which a dominant gene is carried on the X chromosome.


recessive Pathogenic variants in both copies of a gene on the X chromosome cause an X-linked recessive disorder.


Mitochondrial or multigenic Mitochondrial genetic disorders can be caused by changes (mutations) in either the mitochondrial DNA or nuclear DNA that lead to dysfunction of the mitochondria and inadequate production of energy.


Multigenic or multifactor Inheritance involving many factors, of which at least one is genetic but none is of overwhelming importance, as in the causation of a disease by multiple genetic and environmental factors.


Not applicable


Other names (AKA)

Meningioma, spine


Nervous System Diseases


Spinal meningioma is a rare type of spinal cord cancer. The spinal cord is part of the central nervous system. This tumor often affects middle-aged women.[1] Tumors of the spinal cord can be either primary or arise from other primary tumors (metastatic), and are typically slow growing. The initial signs and symptoms include headache and recent onset of seizures. Other features are motor deficits, sensory deficits, pain, and sphincter dysfunction. The thoracic spine (middle back) is the most common site, followed by the cervical spine (neck). These tumors are rarely seen in the lumbar region (lower back).[2][3][4] The only proven risk factor in the development of meningioma is exposure to ionizing radiation. Also, patients with neurofibromatosis type 2 are at increased risk of developing meningioma. Surgery is the treatment of choice and complete tumor removal is reached in the vast majority of patients. The prognosis after surgical resection is excellent.[3][4][5] 

Learn more

These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.

In-Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Spinal meningioma. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.


  1. Gottfired ON, Gluf W, Quinones-Hinojosa A, Kan P & Schmidt MH. Spinal Meningiomas: Surgical Management and Outcome. Neurosurg Focus. 2003; 14(6)::https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/457739_4.
  2. Zee CS. Imaging in Spinal Meningioma.. Medscape Reference. July 14, 2015; https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/341870-overview#a1.
  3. Gaillard F & cols. Spinal meningioma. Radiopaedia.org. https://radiopaedia.org/articles/spinal-meningioma.
  4. Shih HA. Patient education: Meningioma (Beyond the Basics). November 30, 2015; https://www.uptodate.com/contents/meningioma-beyond-the-basics.
  5. Fung KM. Meningiomas Pathology. Medscape Reference. April 21, 2014; https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1744164-overview#a11.